With the advancement of medical technology, keyhole surgery has almost replaced surgical procedure making long cuts on the operating field of the patients. What are the advantages of this modern surgery? How safe is it? How it is done? Lead Consultant, surgical Gastroenterology, Minimal Access and Robotic surgery at Aster Medcity, Kochi explains all about it.
Surgical removal and reconstruction of diseased organs is one of the oldest practices of treatment. When such a surgical procedure involves a deeper aspect of our body, the operating field is accessed by long cuts in order to put the surgeon’s hands and instruments inside. The length of such cuts depends on the depth, size and complexity of a particular procedure.
Even long cuts may not expose adequately surgical sites especially in the extreme corners or deeper aspect of body cavities. Manual traction is used in these circumstances, resulting post-operative pain. Besides, side effects of these long cuts are manifold. Apart from pain, bleeding, infection, restricted movements, prolonged hospital stay and recovery time, delay in returning to work, etc., are also known after effects. Long-term, wound-related complications have been well-documented, and sometimes it can be crippling.
Search for reducing this surgical access-related problems lead to small-incision surgeries and minimally invasive techniques. Keyhole surgery (KHS) is a minimal access technique in which the same conventional procedure is performed through small cuts (keyholes), so that bigger incisions can be avoided. This is also known by other names such as laparoscopic surgery, endoscopic surgery, minimal access surgery, and scarless surgery.
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