Evidence shows that reducing sodium intake significantly reduces blood pressure in adults. Sodium is found not only in table salt, but also naturally in a variety of foods, including milk, cream, eggs, meat and shellfish. It is also found in much high amounts in processed foods, such as breads, crackers, processed meats like bacon and snack foods such as pretzels, cheese puffs and popcorn, as well as in condiments such as soy sauce, fish source, and bouillon or stock cubes.
“The additional sodium is even more worrisome because the average daily sodium intake among Americans is already so far above the recommended upper limit, posing a significant public health concern, such as hypertension and heart disease” the researcher says.
WHO recommends a reduction in sodium intake to reduce blood pressure and risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and coronary heart disease in adults. Adults are recommended to consume between 1,500 and 2,300 mg of sodium per day. Currently, however, Americans are estimated to consume around 3,100 mg per day when eating at home.
African-American diners eating out were found to consume higher levels of total fat, saturated fat, sodium and sugar than white and Hispanic counterparts doing the same. Daily total energy intake was influenced by eating at fast-food outlets the most among people with lower educational attainment while people defined as being in the middle-income range were found to have the highest daily intake of total energy, total fat, saturated fat and sodium of people eating at restaurants.
The researcher also adds his advice to people, hoping to consume a healthy diet and not overeat is that it is healthier to prepare your own foods, and to avoid eating outside the home whenever possible.