“I have joint pain. Do I have arthritis?” You will frequently hear this question if you are a doctor. Before going further, one thing needs to be clarified – arthritis is not a disease, it is just a symptom of an underlying disease. Dr.Mithun.C.B gives here a clear picture of what Arthritis is and how it is to be treated. Dr. Mithun is the Consultant Rheumatologist and HOD of department of Rheumatology in Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi. He was former Asst. Professor in the department of Clinical Immunology in the prestigious Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry.
Arthritis means inflammation of one or more of your joints. This is usually manifested by joint pain, stiffness, or swelling. People of all ages, sexes and races can and do have arthritis, and it is one of the leading causes of disability. There are over one hundred different diseases which can cause arthritis. In some of these diseases, arthritis will be the main symptom, whereas, in others, arthritis may not be present always. For example, arthritis will be the presenting symptom in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, whereas, in psoriasis arthritis, it will be seen in only 10%-20% of the patients.
Types of Arthritis
The common diseases which cause arthritis can be broadly divided into five groups. They are:
(Read the rest of the article from the July issue of Safety Messenger Magazine 2015)